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Situated on the east coast of Australia with around 5 million inhabitants and over 600 suburbs, Sydney is the most populated city in Australia and the state capital of New South Wales. I’ve been living in Sydney since 2016 and absolutely love it!

Sydney is a sprawling city built around the world’s largest natural harbour, and has more than 100 beaches and numerous parks and green spaces. If you’re thinking of moving to Australia, you may well be wondering what living in Sydney is like.

Even though Sydney is huge, bear in mind that it’s known as the city of villages, and many suburbs have their own strip of shops and cafes and a small community feel. So don’t discount it immediately if you think it’s too big a city for you.

I fell in love with Sydney the first time I visited back in 2001, and now I can finally call it my home. So if you’re thinking of migrating and wondering where to live in Australia, here’s the lowdown on Sydney life from a British expat and all round fan of the city.

To find out what Sydney is like compared to other Australian cities, check out my YouTube channel!

Living in Sydney: Table of Contents

To head straight to a topic on Sydney lifestyle, click on the links below.

1. Sydney’s Diversity

Sydney is a very multicultural city, with over 250 languages spoken and over a third of its residents being born overseas.

Sydney is also very diverse in terms of landscape, with mountains, hills, beaches, national parks, forests, lakes, rivers and of course, the urban city centre and suburbia. It’s a place where you can work in a thriving city centre during the daytime but retreat back to a  beach resort in the evening.

Pittwater viewed from Clareville, Northern Beaches, Sydney.
The Sydney Harbour Bridge by night & Sydney Harbour Bridge

Indigenous Australians have lived in Sydney for at least 30,000 years, but the first British settlers arrived in 1788 and turned it into a penal colony. Being Australia’s earliest European settlement, Sydney has plenty of interesting old buildings mixed in with the new.

2. Sydney Lifestyle and Things to Do

Being such an enormous city, you’ll never be short of things to do in Sydney!

While Sydney CBD is not quite as café orientated as Melbourne’s, once you get out into the suburbs, you’ll find a plethora of stylish, individual coffee shops and restaurants.

If you’re moving to Sydney from the UK, you’ll definitely notice a much bigger emphasis on coffee culture; in particular the amount of independent, arty cafes compared to the big chains like Starbucks that dominate the UK high streets.

Even really industrial areas in Sydney have funky cafes dotted around.

Living in Sydney montage: Manly cafe, Blue Mountains, Newtown Festival and Art Gallery of NSW.
Clockwise from top left: cafe in Manly; Blue Mountains; Art Gallery of NSW; Newtown Festival

Sydney also has plenty of art galleries, museums, theatres and historical areas to visit, and there are festivals to enjoy all year round, from the world-famous Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras at the end of summer, to the winter Sydney Writers’ Festival.

In Sydney, you’ll find plenty of weekend markets, pubs, rooftop bars, live music and shopping centres.

With its subtropical climate and extensive coastline, a day at the beach is a standard summer activity for many people living in Sydney. There are also some stunning national parks nearby, such as Ku-ring-gai Chase, the Blue Mountains and the Royal National Park, so camping and hiking are extremely popular hobbies for Sydneysiders too.

Water sports such as surfing and kitesurfing are common, and it’s a very fitness-orientated city in general – hit an Eastern Suburbs beach at sunrise and you’ll be surrounded by joggers, swimmers, surfers and people sweating away at bootcamp classes on the sand.

3. Sydney Beaches

If there is one thing that shines in Sydney, apart from the skyscrapers, Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge at night, it is the abundance of beautiful beaches.

While everyone and their dog has heard of Bondi Beach – there’s even a TV programme, Bondi Rescue, set there – and most people are familiar with Manly and Coogee, Sydney has much more to offer along its stunning coastline than these three beautiful but busy Sydney beaches. 

With over 100 beaches to choose from, any beach bum will be utterly spoilt living in Sydney.

Living in Sydney photos: Bondi Beach, Botany Bay, Watsons Bay, Palm Beach.
Clockwise from top left: Bondi Beach, Eastern Suburbs; Dolls Point, Botany Bay; Palm Beach, Northern Beaches; Watsons Bay, Sydney Harbour

It’s not just the Pacific Ocean coastline that’s sandy either; there are also gorgeous beaches around Sydney Harbour, Botany Bay, Pittwater and along various rivers. So, whether you prefer calm waves to float in or surf-worthy whoppers,, Sydney is bound to have a beach for you.

Check out my blog post, 23 Beautiful Beaches in the Eastern Suburbs to learn more about the long stretch of beaches surrounding Bondi.

4. Sydney Weather

Sydney is blessed with a humid subtropical climate, meaning that winters are mild with cool nights, and summers are hot with balmy evenings.


The average maximum temperature in Sydney is 26.0 degrees in January (midsummer) and 16.4 degrees in July (midwinter).

Overnight, the average minimum temperature in Sydney is 18.8 degrees in January and 8.1 degrees in July.

The further inland you go (west), the more extreme the contrasts in temperature become; days get hotter, and nights get colder!

Heading up into the Blue Mountains, you can even see snow and book a Christmas dinner by log fires in July at some restaurants!

Montage of different Sydney weather conditions.
Clockwise from top left: Sculptures by The Sea; La Perouse; Blue Mountains; Manly Beach


According to the Bureau of Meteorology, Sydney gets an average of 103.9 clear days a year! This makes it the third-sunniest state capital in Australia, after Perth and Brisbane.

When it’s a sunny day in Sydney it really is a full-on, flawlessly blue sky! Glimpses of sun between passing clouds is a much less common occurrence in Sydney than in the UK; it tends to be completely clear or completely overcast.


Despite all that sunshine, Sydney also gets an average of 99.5 rainy days (>1mm) per year. Melbourne is the only state capital city in Australia with more days of rain than Sydney, with 100.0 days per year on average.

The rain in Sydney also tends to be very heavy! The mean rainfall per year in Sydney is 1,211.1 mm. As a comparison, Melbourne only gets 644.2 mm spread across a similar number of days.

To learn more differences between Sydney and Melbourne, read my Sydney vs Melbourne city comparison.

Sydney has slightly rainier summers than winters. In general, the rain is fairly evenly spread across the seasons in Sydney, with 7 to 10 rainy days per month.

All that rain does mean that Sydney is quite green and doesn’t have the frazzled look of South Australia, for example. It also means that you will definitely need a raincoat!

Extremely black clouds over Curl Curl Beach in Sydney.
Heavy rainfall on the horizon at Curl Curl Beach in Sydney

Extreme Weather

Is there any extreme weather in Sydney? Yes!

Sydney has around 20 thunderstorms a year, and they can be pretty intense, with huge forks of lightening zipping across the sky. The heavy rain can cause flooding, and the summer highs can be stifling.

The region I live in got flooded a couple of years ago, during La Nina, and the apartments where I was house sitting had to be evacuated!

The summer of 2016/17 (my first in Sydney) was a record breaker for heat, regularly reaching the high 30s. Since the summer in Sydney is usually a lot cooler than this, most homes don’t have air conditioning. You can imagine what that felt like!

Sydney has also encountered bush fires, particularly out in the Blue Mountains, and in 2009 experienced a freak dust storm that turned the air an eerie shade of red.

For more information on Sydney weather season by season, and a guide on what to pack, check out my Sydney weather guide!

5. Daylight Hours in Sydney

The variation of daylight hours between summer and winter is less extreme in much of Australia than in the UK. This means that you don’t get those long summer nights, but you also don’t get those horribly short winter days when the sun goes down before 4pm.

Being located in New South Wales, Sydney has daylight saving, giving an extra hour of daylight in the summer evenings. 

In the peak of summertime, sunrise is around 5:30am in Sydney, and sunset is approximately 8:30pm. In winter, sunrise is around 7am and sunset is about 5pm.

Beautiful sunset in Sydney, viewed from Vaucluse.
Sydney skyline at sunset viewed from Vaucluse

Note that Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland do not have daylight saving. This is something that probably wouldn’t cross most people’s minds when choosing where to live in Australia, but may come as a shock if you’ve moved from a country with long summer nights like England!

In Perth, for example, the sun sets before 7:30pm on its longest summer day, a good hour earlier than in Sydney. Brisbane gets dark even earlier during the summer, with the sun setting before 7pm.

Read about the differences between Sydney and Brisbane for a deeper comparison.

6. Property Prices in Sydney

Sydney is the second-most expensive city in the world, in terms of housing, according to the 2023 Demographia International Housing Affordability report.

The median multiple in Sydney is 13.3, which means the median house price in Sydney is 13.3 times more than the median gross household income.

A median multiple greater than 5.0 is classed as severely unaffordable.

When you consider that many mortgage lenders will only let you borrow around five times your annual salary, that makes buying a home in Sydney out of the question for many low- or middle-income earners.

According to the July 2023 CoreLogic Home Value report, the median house price in Sydney during June 2023 was $1,324,396, and the median unit (flat) value was $808,407.

A property auction in Newtown, Sydney.
A property auction I passed by in Newtown, Sydney. The little house on the end went for over $1 million!

In terms of what types of property Sydney offers, there is a huge variety available, including modern and older apartments, terraced houses with balconies, large period homes from the Federation era and enormous new-build homes.

Swimming pools aren’t standard in Sydney homes, but quite a few houses have them, particularly in the wealthier suburbs.

If you’re thinking of moving to Sydney, you’ll find my comprehensive blog post on where to live in Sydney, useful, as well as my list of best 15 suburbs in Sydney, based on my house-sitting experience.

7. Renting in Sydney

Rental prices across Australian cities do not vary quite as much as property prices do. Unsurprisingly, Sydney is the most expensive state capital city in Australia to rent in.

The rental market snapshot report states that the median weekly rent in Sydney during June 2023 was $800 for a house, $650 for a unit/flat and $360 for a room.

As a comparison, the cheapest state capital in Australia to rent a home in was Hobart, with median weekly rent of $532 for a house, $411 for a flat/unit and $187 for a room.

8. Driving & Public Transport in Sydney

Sydney has a large transport network of trains, buses and ferries. Passengers pay with a pre-paid Opal Card, which you scan at the start and end of your journey. You can also pay by scanning your debit card or Apple Pay now.

I’ve found public transport prices in Sydney to be fairly reasonable, with most short journeys costing around $4. Hopping on a train for an extra couple of stops within the city centre after a bus ride in adds on less than a dollar, and there’s a weekly fare cap too.

The ferry to Manly Beach in Sydney.
The ferry from Manly to Sydney CBD

The bad side of public transport in Sydney is the sparseness of the train line compared to the huge size of the city. Journeys often require a combination of trains and buses, which can be very slow.

Ferries are more expensive but reward you with some very pretty views of Sydney Harbour. Not a bad commute at all!

As you can imagine, the roads in Sydney get pretty busy, although this varies across the city. I found the Inner West and Eastern Suburbs to have very heavy traffic. Conversely, the Northern Beaches’ roads seem to be much less clogged up.

There are a lot of traffic lights in Sydney too, so even if the roads are clear, you can spend a lot of time sitting at red lights.

Parking is generally free in residential areas, once you’re out of the inner city, and free for three hours in most shopping malls. In busy areas you often have time restrictions during the daytime and/or meters to buy a ticket.

9. Snakes & Spiders in Sydney

I know that poisonous snakes and spiders are a big worry to some people who are thinking of moving to Australia, but you really don’t need to worry about these if you’re moving to Sydney.

You don’t get snakes slithering around the city streets, and the most I’ve spotted in terms of spiders are the large but harmless golden silk orb-weavers, and only ever outdoors.

I know people who’ve lived in Sydney for decades and have seen just one funnel-web spider, and that was in deep undergrowth!

A golden orb-weaver spider on a huge web at sunset in Watsons Bay, Sydney.
Golden silk orb-weaver spider enjpying the Sydney sunset at Watsons Bay

As for snakes, I’ve travelled almost the entire coast of Australia and the only ones I’ve seen were on hikes in national parks. What Sydney does have in the summer though is mosquitoes, particularly around sunset time. They can be pretty annoying. Oh, and cockroaches too; you will definitely spot those in summer!

10. Trips from Sydney

So, where do you go on holiday if you’re living in Sydney? For my top recommendations, have a read of my 20 best weekend getaways from Sydney blog post.

There’s a big international airport in Sydney, so anywhere is possible, but remember that living in Australia is nothing like living in Europe, where you can hop on a plane and be in a wide choice of countries within two hours; Australia is very isolated!

View from Tomaree Lookout in Nelsons Bay, NSW.
Tomaree National Park, Nelson Bay – a few hours’ drive from Sydney

Thankfully, the NSW coastline is packed with beautiful beach resorts; from Sydney you can be in Jervis Bay to the south or Nelson Bay to the north within a few hours’ drive, and there’s plenty in between. My New South Wales travel guides page links to all my holiday guides for NSW destinations.

Further afield, you can fly up to Byron Bay or the Great Barrier Reef for a more tropical vacation, or even head inland to the Snowy Mountains during the winter to stay in a ski resort – yes, really!

11. Is Living in Sydney for You?

Whether Sydney life is for you will really depend on your personal taste. You can learn more about the pros and cons of living in Sydney in my list of things that surprised me about Sydney.

I know many people find the city too big and hectic; some want the eternal summer of north Australia; others prefer the culture of Melbourne or the laid-back, family vibe of Brisbane; and some will find Sydney’s property prices too outrageous to contemplate.

Best of luck deciding which is the best city in Australia for you!

Deciding where to live in Australia? Read the lowdown on living in Sydney from a UK expat - Sydney lifestyle, weather, beaches, property, transport & more.
Lisa Bull
Written by Lisa Bull

Lisa Bull, founder of Dreaming of Down Under, has been living in Australia as a British expat since 2015. After travelling to every state and territory in Australia and living in Perth, Brisbane and Sydney, Lisa knows from first-hand experience the best destinations to visit in Australia and the best budget travel tips. Her guides on this blog have been read by over 700k readers and helped thousands of people achieve their dream of living in or travelling Australia.