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If you’re thinking of moving to Australia, or just relocating within the country, this week’s “Where to Live in Australia” blog post focuses on living in Canberra, Australia’s capital city.

I first visited Canberra on a backpacking trip as a student, but I spent a few days down there in 2018 to properly explore. It definitely felt tiny compared to Sydney, but the ease of getting around was amazing! It’s also a cultural hub and educational hotspot.

If you’re not desperate to live by the beach or somewhere big and busy, moving to Canberra could be an option for you. Keep reading to find out more about Canberra’s location, lifestyle, property and more.

Where is Canberra in Australia?

Unlike the other state capitals in Australia, Canberra is located inland rather than along the coastline. Sydney to Canberra is about a three-hour drive southwest, and Canberra to Melbourne takes about seven hours (there are a few mountain ranges in the way)!

Where is Canberra, Australia map.

Canberra Population and Size

Even though people often haven’t heard of it, Canberra really is the capital city of Australia! It’s much smaller than Sydney and Melbourne, but it’s where the government buildings such as Parliament House are based.

Australia Parliament House in Canberra.
Parliament House in Canberra

So, how many people live in Canberra? With a population of just 390,000, Canberra is the 9th most-populated city in Australia. It’s also the capital city of Australian Capital Territory (ACT).

Thanks to Canberra being home to numerous universities, including Australian National University (ANU), one of the world’s leading universities for research, approximately 25% of the city’s population are students. Canberra’s also known as having a high proportion of well-educated residents compared to other Australian cities.

Birdseye view of Canberra, Australia's capital city.
Canberra city centre

The city feels vastly different to bustling Sydney and Melbourne. The streets seemed so empty I wondered if there had been an evacuation! It’s also very compact and surrounded by mountains rather than being close to the beach.

Traffic levels are so low compared to the other cities; it would be a pleasure to drive around in comparison.

Living in Canberra: Weather & Seasons

Canberra lies 580m above sea level, and with its high altitude, it has a subtropical highland climate quite different to that in the coastal cities.

Summers are hot and dry, but winters are pretty chilly, with temperatures often falling below zero overnight. There are also four distinct seasons in Canberra.

Lake Burley Griffin, ACT.
A cold winter’s day in Canberra

The average maximum temperature in Canberra is 28.0 degrees in the hottest month (January), and 11.4 degrees in the coldest month (July). Overnight, the average minimum in January is 13.2 degrees, and in July, -0.1 degrees.

Per year, Canberra has an average of 100 sunny days. As a comparison, Perth has the most with 139, and Melbourne only has 49. Canberra also has an average of 72 rainy days (of at least 1mm) per year, which is less than all the other state capital cities in Australia.

Canberra city centre in winter.
A sunny winter’s day in Canberra

It felt really unusual to see trees without leaves on when I visited in winter. I’m used to living in Sydney, which stays pretty lush and green all year! It looked more like the stark English winters! It also looked very parched, with very brown grass. It had been a particularly dry winter though.

Daylight Hours in Canberra

Since Canberra has daylight saving, it has lighter evenings in the summer than Perth, Darwin and Brisbane.

In the height of summer in Canberra, the sun goes down around 8:20pm, about an hour and a half later than in Brisbane. In midwinter, the sun sets just before 5pm.

Living in Canberra: Lifestyle & Things to Do

Since Canberra lies a few hours inland, it obviously doesn’t have any beaches! It is surrounded by mountains though, so great if you want to go bush walking.

City view from Telstra Tower, Australia.
Looking down on Canberra from Telstra Tower

Close to the city is Lake Burley Griffin, which is surrounded by parkland and a cycle path. There are also lots of museums and art galleries dotted around, so Canberra is a great city for arts and culture.

Things to do in Canberra, ACT.
Cycling around Lake Burley Griffin

Since I visited in winter it was a bit quiet everywhere, but I’d imagine the outdoor areas would be much livelier during summertime! The botanic gardens were beautiful though, with a lovely café.

The city has modern shopping malls and lots of cafes and places to eat. So even though it’s pretty small, you still get some of the benefits of a big city. For more information on Canberra attractions, have a read of my blog post below:

Things to Do in Canberra: 3-Day Itinerary

Trips from Canberra: Holiday Destinations

If you like the idea of a beach trip, you can drive to the coastline from Canberra in just two hours, which is very doable for a day trip or weekend away. The closest beach area is Batemans Bay, which is a beautiful little holiday town with national parks nearby.

What to See in Batemans Bay & Murramarang National Park

Nearest Beach to Canberra: Batemans Bay.
Pebbly Beach in Batemans Bay

You can also drive to Jervis Bay in three hours, which has some of the most beautiful beaches in Australia in my opinion!

If mountains are more your thing, Canberra lies very close to the Snowy Mountains, so you can pop off for a skiing trip during winter! There are also quaint villages, vineyards and national parks to visit in the surrounding areas.

Since Canberra has an international airport, you can also fly off on holidays abroad, as well as take domestic flights to cities and holiday areas in Australia.

Canberra Real Estate

The median property price in Canberra as at April 2019, according to this report, was $595,000. Only Sydney and Melbourne were more expensive, with median values of $830,000 and $660,000 respectively.

A typical residential street in Canberra.
A residential street in Canberra

This June 2019 rental report by states that the median cost of renting an apartment in Canberra is $465 per week, and $530 to rent a house.

Only Sydney was more expensive, with median rent of $520 per week for an apartment, and $600 per week for a house. So renting or buying in Canberra is going to be more expensive than in most of the other capitals.

Hopefully this blog post on living in Canberra has helped with your potential move! To compare living in Canberra vs Sydney, Adelaide, Brisbane, Perth, Melbourne or Hobart , make sure you check out my other Australian city lifestyle blog posts too:

Living in Sydney: Lifestyle, Beaches, Weather & Property

Living in Melbourne: Most Liveable City in Australia

Living in Perth: Is Australia’s Sunniest Capital for You?

Living in Brisbane: Lifestyle in Australia’s River City

Living in Adelaide: Affordable Outdoor Lifestyle

Living in Hobart: Laidback Island Lifestyle

Discover if living in Canberra, Australia could be the right choice for you. Learn about Canberra real estate, climate, population, lifestyle & more.